Federal government plans to increase rustungshaushalt again in 2019

German government to increase rustic budget once again in 2019

Arrival of M1 Abrams tanks of the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team in Antwerp in support of Atlantic Resolve. Image: US Army

NATO summit looms, Trump pushes for increase in defense spending, and creates uncertainty with planned meeting with Putin and revelations about Crimea

The upcoming NATO summit on 11. and 12. The July summit in Brussels and letters from U.S. President Donald Trump to unruly NATO member countries may have been behind the government’s decision to quickly increase spending on refugees.

In addition, Trump’s meeting with Russian President Vladimir Putin could change the relationship between the U.S. and Russia, which up to now has been one of high friction and conflict, with repercussions for NATO. As can be seen from remarks made by Security Advisor Bolton after meeting with Putin on 27. June, Trump is more likely to look for ways to cooperate.

The grossly inflated ie of election interference and the Russian disinformation campaign was not allowed to play a gross role. Both Trump and Bolton seem to have approached the annexation of Crimea more along the lines of "We agree to disagree here" to downplay, even the continuation of sanctions you love openly: let’s see.

However, with so much waffling, spokeswoman Sarah Sanders had to step in again so as not to scare off the allies, explaining that the U.S. would continue not to recognize the takeover of Crimea and that sanctions would remain in place until Russia returns them to Ukraine. That this will not happen in the foreseeable future was allowed to be clear to Trump. At the Atlantic Council, people already fear Trump could give up Crimea in a deal with Putin. Putin’s spokesman Peskov said that everything could be discussed at the meeting, except Crimea.

According to Bolton, Washington’s interest is also less Syria or Assad, but mainly pushing Iran out of the country and enforcing new sanctions, especially stopping oil exports. It is hoped that Moscow will cooperate in the pushback, which is also a top ie for the Israeli government. The Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) have just launched for the first time a "Project Director" for Iran appointed. Major General Nitzan Alon, who is supposed to work closely with the Pentagon, is responsible for all areas of the fight against Iran, from the nuclear weapons program, which was not terminated after Israel’s leadership, to intelligence work and the fight against Iran’s presence in Syria. On several occasions, Israeli warplanes have bombed Iranian positions in Syria, starting a direct military confrontation.

Trump’s stance on NATO has been open for a long time, in part probably to have a cruder lever to direct the defense alliance according to its purpose and to prevent attempts by the EU or parts of the EU to become more self-reliant and break away from the U.S. It has been clear for a long time that the U.S. president, who has sharply increased military spending, disagrees with that of many NATO countries and urges them to increase it. Bolton made this clear again in the interview.

As has now come out, Trump had already sent a letter with harsh words to some governments, most notably Germany, Belgium, Norway and Canada, in June, complaining that not much had happened beyond announcements. He threatened reactions, including a rethinking of the U.S. military presence (The Slow End of the U.S. Military Presence in Germany?).

Germany is the coarsest and most important American base for American troops in Europe. In Germany’s south, more than 35.Germany is also home to several headquarters such as EUCOM and EUCOM Special Operations Forces (SOCEUR), AFRICOM, the Army and the Air Force. In addition, a NATO logistics headquarters is being set up in Germany to speed up the deployment of troops in Europe.

Despite billions more for the Bundeswehr, Germany is still a long way from achieving its NATO goal

Nothing is going to happen anytime soon, but the new government is nevertheless under prere to give the German armed forces more money "Responsibility" for international security, as they have been saying for a few years now, to allocate more funds. The Bundeswehr is involved in numerous missions, the equipment is in a state of disrepair, the number of soldiers is supposed to increase, but this is not progressing very well. In the draft for the 2018 budget, which was presented at the beginning of May, defense or military spending was already increased by 1.5 billion euros to 38.5 billion. In 2019, they should increase by another 3 billion to 41.5 billion. Because of rising wages, an additional 875 million was expected.

Defense Minister von der Leyen, however, was not at all happy with this, and was supposed to have 12 billion euros more by 2021. However, even in June, it only held out the prospect of increasing the budget to 1.5 percent of GDP by 2024. Admittedly, this is still a long way from the NATO decision to raise them to 2 percent. At the NATO summit, therefore, Trump’s announcement of this directive will not be met with enthusiasm.

That’s still a long way off, even if the government wants to go one better before the NATO summit, according to media reports, at least for 2019. Then the arms budget is to rise to 42.9 billion, i.e. by another 1.4 billion, but actually only by 650 million. In any case, critics expect that despite the planned increases, which still have to be approved by the Bundestag, the share of GDP spent on rations will tend to fall in the next few years. In 2017, Germany’s GDP was 3.26 trillion euros, so 2 percent was more than 60 billion euros.

Germany also participates in the European Intervention Initiative

The German government, however, despite the state of the Bundeswehr and the planned budget, has rough plans as far as foreign missions are concerned. A memorandum of understanding has been signed on the development of the "European Intervention Initiative EI2" Signed. This initiative, proposed by France, is about better and faster joint military interventions. In addition to France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark, Portugal and Great Britain are also included.

This is intended to strengthen the "Strategic autonomy and freedom of decision and action" Europe, but at the same time somehow also strengthen NATO and PESCO. The states had, it is said, "constantly demonstrates their willingness and ability to rapidly deploy powerful military capabilities". The EI2 is supposed to be a coalition of the willing, working within the framework of the UN, NATO, the EU or "ad hoc coalitions" militarisch zum Schutz "European interests" international interventions. However, the aim is not to create a new rapid reaction force of its own, but only to enable closer cooperation.

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